Tuesday, December 05, 2006

Other Side of the Rosy Picture

An annual survey by Hewitt Associates found that India has the highest salary hikes in Asia followed by Philippines. The study showed that salaries rose at an average of 13.8% in 2006. The survey covered workers of 169 companies in India. Another good news for Indian economy is that, it is growing at a rate of 9.2% and only China has a growth rate more than India.

This news is good for India. A person’s salary will be almost doubled in 5 years if the salary is hiked at a rate of 13.8%. Growth in economy is sure to improve the standard of living of the people.

But just think for a moment. What percentage of Indian population is getting these benefits? About 10 to 20 % of the Indian population I would say. But what about the rest of the 80% of the population?

When I read 13.8% salary increase, I remember the farmer who uses to come to my house to buy coconut during harvest. Twenty years back a coconut costs Rs.4. Now also the price of the coconut is almost same. The farmer who use to buy coconut (they make oil out of it and sell) is no longer in business. In 20 years the increase in the price of coconut is almost negligible. This is the case with most of the agricultural products.

When salary of 20% Indians are increasing at almost 100% in 5 years there are about 50% of the population whose income remains stagnant. With the price of all the essential commodities increasing like anything how can average farmers survive in India?

What is the effect of this imbalanced growth? Rich become richer and poor become poorer. The end result of this widening gap - More farmers end up committing suicide. Over 100 farmers committed suicide in Vidarbha alone last month. This is even after Indian Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh announced Rs.3750 crore-relief package for distressed farmers. Hundreds of other farmers are committing suicides in other parts of the country.

I am not advocating that 13.8% increase in salary hike should not be given to 20% of the Indians. What I am for is improving the condition of the poor farmers. Relief packages are only temporary solutions and we must look into permanent solutions.

With the opening of Indian economy, things have changed. The globalization has reduced the gap between nations. Now Indian farmers have to compete with farmers across the world. If some country can produce say coconut at a lower price it is going to come to the Indian market. It is something very similar to outsourcing happening in software field from US to India.

I believe the first thing we should do to improve the plight of the farmers is that we should accept the fact that doing agriculture in a small scale is not profitable any more. Twenty years ago if someone had a one-acre of paddy field that was sufficient to feed a family for the whole year. Now can a family of four survive from an income from one-acre paddy field? I don’t think so.

One-way to revive agriculture/farmers is that we should open our agriculture sector to the big corporate companies. The corporate companies should be allowed to lease the land of all small-scale farmers. They can afford to use the most modern methods to improve production which an ordinary farmer cannot afford to do. The company in turn can give a part of the profit and monthly lease amount to the farmer. The farmers who give land to the company should get priority in getting jobs in that company. Thus now he has a share in the profit, monthly income from lease and a chance of monthly income as an employee of that company.

To save agriculture/ farmers, we have to think outside the box. No gimmick is going to help them.

LET US HOPE THAT THE FATE OF THE AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY/FARMERS WILL SOON REVIVE IN INDIA.
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27 Comments:

Anonymous Anonymous said...

eventhough your initial direction appeared to be heading towards a sure disaster, you steered the vehicle back on track and the finishing was magnificient!!!

-- gibs

December 06, 2006 4:36 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

dude whom are u kidding 10-20 % hahah.. :)) thats like 30 crores..total number of ppl enjoying the current state of affairs..would be waaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaay lower than that!!!!

regarding opening farming sector that wudnt happen in this century..
coz we need atleast 100 more years..for the current generation of leaders to die... :))

December 06, 2006 4:55 AM  
Blogger കേരളഫാർമർ/keralafarmer said...

Co-operavive farming means reduce cultivation cost and produce more. That was hapening from the begining of Green Revolution. According to the salary increase labour also increases by 13.8% growth. This means cultivation cost increases and the prices of agricultural produces will remain same. One more thing the land value also increases acording to salary growth. Permit the farmer to work hard and the income including labour is sufficient to survive by a reasonable price for produces above cultivation cost. Unfortunately all authorities are trying to conrol the price through unwanted subsidised export to the producing Countries etc.
The real fact is price of Agricultural produces are main essential comodities for all. Thus the price must be related with salary growth. Then non of the farmer to commit suicide due to debit.
Co-operative farming will kill more farmers due to non availability of labour and food without money.
I will try to publish a comment in Malayalam.

December 06, 2006 5:04 AM  
Blogger Brijesh said...

Gibs
u thought i am advocating reduction in pay hike? Thanks

Anon@9.55
That was the maximum- it was a guess. I know that it is an exaggerated figure. But doesnt change the relality that majority of people have hardships.

December 06, 2006 5:09 AM  
Anonymous sarath said...

you should have commented on many other areas other than farming which is not enjoying this so-called 'rosy picture'. Whatever development which is happening seems to be in a very limited area like IT/engineering sector and that too concentrated on few cities. Places like chennai/bgl/hyd might be developing , if you can call having MNC's/multiplexes/shopping malls alone development. Its just benefiting the educated class and is doing nothing to improve the education or anything of the deprived. All these so-called silicon valleys of india are following a skewed model for development, a model in which social development is not even considered.

December 06, 2006 6:21 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

First about the salary hike...
In a matured economy everything is controlled by supply and demand. This salary hike for the specific sectors is one of that. India is still a controlled economy, and becoming a matured economy in faster pace, till we mature some one has to control.
We don’t have to worry about the imbalance in salary; it wills we corrected in due course its own. What we needs to worry are to about the imbalance in applying policies, by geographically, creed based etc. We needs politicians who are having guts to implement revolutionary policies.

And about Farming...
We had one green revolution. This happened mainly because of fertilizers, pesticides and hybrid seeds. Then what was the result. Soil and water became use less. (Don’t blame only coke for the pesticide content) Now farmers have to incur more cost for maintaining the output. Many people are going back to the old organic farming. Organically cultivated vegetables are now available in Bangalore and in demand.

Everybody is talking about one more green revolution with GM seeds. We have to think about this. Note that GM Seeds will be an easy way to make profit if we open the farming sector to big corporate with out having much thought and control. I am not against opening it but not by killing our interest and ecology. Another thing is corporate are not interested in doing farming their own, they are interested only in contract farming.

It is often government (Not only India) policies make a farmers life miserable. Subsidy is not a solution. Giving access to commodity trading sector to farmers will be having a positive impact because there pure economy (Supply and Demand) works. Same way farmers should have to safe guard there crops by insurance – insurance for crops are still in nascent state in India.

-Bipin

December 06, 2006 6:22 AM  
Blogger Brijesh said...

Kerala Farmer
Salary and cultivation cost will increase if we go with the present form of agriculture. The need of the hour is the introduction of most modern techniques of cultivation and thus reducing cost. A person doing farming in small scale cannot do that. Waiting for you comment in Malayalam.

Sharat
I commented about farmers because they are the majority in India. I read all these rosy economic statistics and I started thinking about the farmers who are forced to commit suicide. I agree with you except few metro’s real improvement in the life of people is not happening

December 06, 2006 6:44 AM  
Blogger കേരളഫാർമർ/keralafarmer said...

കേരളത്തിലെ കൃഷി ഭൂമിയുടെ ലഭ്യത കുടുംബം ഒന്നിന് പരിമിതമാണ്. കൃഷി ചെലവ്‌ നാള്‍ക്കുനാള്‍ കൂടുന്നു. അതിസമര്‍ത്ഥരായ കര്‍ഷകര്‍ക്കുപോലും പിടിച്ചു നില്‍ക്കാന്‍ കഴിയാത്ത ഒരവസ്ഥയാണിന്ന്‌. ഈ പോക്കിന് പോയാല്‍ രോഗം വരുത്തിവെയ്ക്കാത്ത ഭക്ഷ്യോത്‌പന്നങ്ങള്‍ വിലയ്ക്ക്‌ വാങ്ങാന്‍ പോലും കിട്ടിയെന്ന്‌ വരില്ല. കേരളത്തിലെ കാര്‍ഷിക മേഖലയില്‍ നൂറുകണക്കിന് ഔഷധ സസ്യങ്ങളാണ് നിലവില്‍ ഉള്ളത്‌. കൃഷി ഒഴികെ മറ്റെല്ലാ മേഖലകളും പച്ച പിടിക്കുകയാണ്. കാര്‍ഷികോത്‌പന്നങ്ങള്‍ മായം കലര്‍ത്തി സഹകരണാടിസ്ഥാനത്തില്‍ പോലും കൊള്ളയടിക്കുകയാണ്. ഉള്ളിയ്ക്ക്‌ വിലകൂടിയാല്‍ ഭരണം നഷ്ടപ്പെടുന്ന ഈ നാട്ടില്‍ കര്‍ഷകര്‍ ആത്മഹത്യ ചെയ്താലും കാര്‍ഷികോത്‌പന്നങ്ങള്‍ക്ക്‌ വില കൂടരുത്‌ എന്നാണ് ഭരണകൂടങ്ങള്‍ക്കുള്ളത്‌. ശമ്പള വര്‍ധനവിന് എസ്സെന്‍ഷ്യല്‍ കമോഡിറ്റീസില്‍ പ്രാധാന്യം കാര്‍ഷിക ഉത്‌പന്നങ്ങള്‍ക്കാണെങ്കില്‍ എന്ത്‌ അടിസ്ഥാനത്തിലാണ് കേന്ദ്ര ജീവനക്കാരുടെയും പെന്‍ഷണേഴ്‌സിന്റെയും ഡീ.എ 20 കൊല്ലം കൊണ്ട്‌ 10 ഇരട്ടിയായി വര്‍ധിക്കുന്നത്‌. 1985 ലെ നാളികേര വില 4 രൂപ യെന്നത്‌ 2005 ആകുമ്പോള്‍ 40 രൂപ യാകുകയല്ലെ വേണ്ടത്‌. കര്‍ഷകരോട്‌ പറയും ഉത്‌പാദനം 10 ഇരട്ടിയായി വര്‍ധിപ്പിക്കാന്‍. ഹരിത വിപ്ലവത്തിന്റെ റിസള്‍ട്ട്‌ കണ്ടു തുടങ്ങിയിരിക്കുന്നു. മഞ്ഞളിച്ച തെങ്ങിനെ പച്ചയാക്കുവാന്‍ കോടികള്‍ ചെലവഴിച്ച്‌ പഠനം നടത്തിയാലും ഫലമുണ്ടാകില്ല. പഞ്ചഭൂത പരിപാലനം ഒന്നു കൊണ്ടു മാത്രമേ ഇതിന് പരിഹാരമുള്ളു. പ്രകൃതി കൃഷിയുടെ ആചാര്യന്‍ എന്ന കെ.കെ.സനല്‍‍ എഴുതിയ ലേഖനം വായിക്കുക.
മണ്ണില്‍ വാരിയിട്ട എന്‍.പി.കെ സര്‍വ്വനാശം വിതച്ചു. സെക്കന്‍‌ഡറി ന്യൂട്രിയന്‍സും ട്രയിസ്‌ എലിമെന്റ്‌സും ആരും പരിഗണിച്ചില്ല. മണ്ണിനെ പരിപാലിച്ചിരുന്ന മണ്ണിരകളെ കൊന്നൊടുക്കി, വെള്ളം വായു എന്നിവ മലിനീമസമാക്കി. വര്‍ദ്ധനവുണ്ടായത് രോഗങ്ങളുടെയും രോഗികളുടെയും. ഓരോ പെസ്റ്റിസൈഡില്‍ നിന്നും ഒന്നോ അതില്‍ കൂടുതലോ രോഗങ്ങള്‍ ഉണ്ടാകുന്നു. കോടിക്കണക്കിന് ആളുകള്‍ രോഗി ആയി കഴിഞ്ഞിട്ടാണ് പരീക്ഷണം പൂര്‍ത്തിയാകുന്നതും മരുന്നുകളും വിദഗ്ധചികിത്‌സയും ലഭ്യമാക്കുന്നതും. ഈ മേഖലയില്‍ ധാരാളം വരുമാനം തൊഴിലവസരങ്ങള്‍ സുഖ സൌകര്യങ്ങള്‍ മുതലായവ ലഭിക്കുമ്പോള്‍ ഭരണകൂടങ്ങളെ നിയന്ത്രിക്കുവാനും ഇവര്‍ക്ക്‌ കഴിയുന്നു. അറബ്‌ രാജ്യത്ത്‌ ഓര്‍ഗാനിക്‌ ബീന്‍സിന് 500 രൂപ വിലയുണ്ടെങ്കില്‍ കര്‍ഷകര്‍ക്ക്‌ മറ്റ്‌ കാര്‍ഷികോത്‌പന്നങ്ങള്‍ക്കും ഇത്തരം വില ലഭ്യമാക്കാന്‍ കഴിയില്ലെ? ഇതൊക്കെ ഇടനിലക്കാരുടെ കൈയില്‍ ആണ് എന്നതാണ് വാസ്തവം.
എഴുതാനും വായിക്കാനും മടിയനായ എനിക്ക്‌ ഈ വിഷയത്തില്‍ തുടര്‍ ലേഖനം തന്നെ എഴുതേണ്ടിവരും.
കോപ്പറേറ്റ്‌ ഫാര്‍മിംഗ്‌ ഒരു പരിഹാരമല്ല. ജൈവ കൃഷിയിലൂടെ ഉത്‌പാദനം വര്‍ധിപ്പിക്കുകയും അതിന് കൂടിയ വില ഇടനിലക്കാരെ ഒഴിവാക്കി ലഭ്യമാക്കുയും ചെയ്താല്‍ ഒരു പരിധിവരെ കര്‍ഷകര്‍ക്ക്‌ പിടിച്ച്‌ നില്‍ക്കാന്‍ കഴിയും.
നാളെ കള, കുമിള്‍ കീടനാശിനികളാല്‍ മരുവര്‍ക്കരണവും, ജനിതകമാറ്റം വരുത്തിയ വിത്തുകള്‍ പരാഗണത്തിലൂടെ മറ്റ്‌ വിത്തുകള്‍ പൊടിക്കാതാക്കിയും, ലബോറട്ടറികളില്‍ നിന്ന്‌ ഇന്‍ഡസ്ട്രി കളായി മാറുന്ന ജനറ്റിക്കലി മോഡിഫൈഡ്‌ ഫുഡും ചിലരെ ലോകം വിലയ്ക്ക്‌ വാങ്ങാന്‍ പ്രാപ്തരാക്കും. കര്‍ഷകര്‍ക്കുവേണ്ടി മുതലക്കണ്ണുനീര്‍ ഒഴുക്കുന്നവര്‍ ധാരാളം!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

December 06, 2006 11:59 AM  
Blogger abhishek said...

@sarath

"All these so-called silicon valleys of india are following a skewed model for development, a model in which social development is not even considered."

I would be careful while stating that because it is almost a tautology. The "Silicon" valley phenomenon is itself an IT phenomenon, which by default benefits skilled, educated labor. As the majority of Indians are unskilled and uneducated, Silicon Valley don't cater to them. I think what you resent in reality is not their relative success, but the spotlight they've taken in the media. But, the truth is that poverty in India has been given the spotlight in the world media for centuries and nothing substantial has changed. So, resenting the IT phenomenon is not the way to go. Instead, think of the benefits they bring:

1) Meritocracy - because education and skills are the drivers of the global IT business, India's growing IT industry is a welcome relief for those skilled workers seeking jobs but have been selected over by less skilled workers on the basis of bribes and nepotism in other industries.
2) Economic mobility - education is relatively cheap in India and remains the most significant way out of poverty for most Indians. What the IT industry has demonstrated is that if you study your way through school, you are more likely to get a job than ever before in India's history. So as long as the means to an education are affordable to even the poor, they should be able to pull themselves out of poverty. And it is that imbalance that the government and our society has to rectify before resenting the imbalanced economic growth.

@Brijesh
great post, yaar. You are right in pointing out that agriculture is no longer the small farmer's game. Sadly though, the farmer is most vulnerable section of the community to globalization and import-export liberalization because it is the hardest profession to retrain. It's very hard to get adult IT education at the age of 50. However, they could be retrained on agricultural tools to enhance their productivity. So, our government should be focused on encouraging microcredit alternatives, investing in agricultural research, farmer's insurance and inviting corporate players into the field with incentives to retrain farmers.

December 06, 2006 2:43 PM  
Blogger abhishek said...

Seems like this is a hot topic in the news as well.

An article at rediff comments:


Many farmers with large holdings spoke of labour problems in tilling their land. Krishna Kishore Ghose of Gopalnagar Madhyapara, said that initially he was reluctant to give up his land.

"But later I even convinced my brothers to hand over their land. We were regularly facing a problem of getting labourers," Ghose, whose family owned 14 acres, said.

Another farmer, Joydeb Ghose, who gave up 13 'bigha', hopes of securing a dealership for the 'dream car' scheduled to roll out from the Singur plant in 2008.

But some marginal farmers like Kamalkanta Khanra of Bajemelia and Bharat Chandra Das of Beraberi Purbapara were still apprehensive and have refused to part with their land. "We will continue to oppose the project," they said. Haradhan Bag, a marginal farmer, said he would rather give up his life than sell his land.

Many villagers, however, said the entire 997 acres required for the project was not multi-crop land as claimed by opposition parties who were against the acquisition of farmland.

December 06, 2006 3:01 PM  
Anonymous thiru said...

Nair,
Leasing the farmer's land to Corporates will lead to more profitability by the corporate shareholder who will squeeze out maximum from their investment leaving the farmer with less profit. Moreover think what will happen to the small farmers who don't want to join the corporate league. They will be left to compete with advanced and well equipted Corporates which is unfair competition.

Another phrase in ur blog insists in paying more for consumer driven products (coconut in ur case) this will only decrease the demand due to the increased cost of essential commodities which will again affect the people.

My solution is to follow the US trend in this case. They give farmer's subsidies in selling their product so that they can compete in the global market. The Government takes the harder part of it (Which again is the tax payer's money..but that takes us to policy spending issues)
In this case it will attract more farmers and will increase the productivity

December 06, 2006 3:25 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Brijesh,

It's probably been a while since you came home and bought a coconut - hence giving you an update : A medium size coconut costs Rs 8 in the supplyco store here, which is the cheapest shop locally. You won't get a coconut even the size of a machinga for Rs 4.

I do get your point though, that the price increase of agricultural products is not prop to the salary increase for professionals. Totally agree.

A lot of the farmer deaths I agree, is due to lack of funds etc. But like you said , the out-of-the-box thinking required will come only with proper elementary education. A lot of farmers kill themselves because they borrow beyond their means. They do not understand the consequences of not repaying the money, and when the deadline looms large on them, they take the easy way out.

Until we fix the root cause, we are only treating the symptom. And any doctor will tell you that it's a waste of time and money.

Anjana

December 07, 2006 4:04 AM  
Blogger Sachin R K said...

Point well made Brijesh. All this talk about India being the next Asian tiger is pure baloney - the more than 9% growth rate everyone is talking about will come mainly from the Services sector. Agriculture is going only one way -downhill. If you compare the agricultural yields between India and China , we are pitifully behind. The current thrust on infrastructure etc is well and good but we should not forget that we are still basically an agrarian country. We are not going to become a developed nation as long as we still need a good monsoon to maintain our economic growth rate. Still a long way to go before Pt Nehru's words become a reality , "Who lives if India dies? Who dies if India lives?"

December 07, 2006 3:16 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Brijesh,
Even though your direction is well intended,your first cut solution in my opinion is highly flawed.American corporations are responsible to the share holders and the stock borkers in NYSE.THey will do anything for quarterly results..which is the reason some of the trend is reversing in the semiconductor industry..huge conglomerates are grouping together and buying out semi companies fromt eh market.(for a bit different though).MY point is your method of applying the US model to this situation in India will be faulty in the long run.I would suggest something like the Indian Coffee house or DInesh Bedi,The dabbawallahs of Mumbai(they make Rs5000 pm assured for taking lunch) or even the new Tata Tea estates in Munnar
where the employees hold the share
http://www.hindu.com/2005/04/03/stories/2005040302620600.htm
the story has advanced much with professional management and the labourers attending share meetings.
The interests of teh company will be where its shareholders interest will be ..i.e., in some investment bank in N.Y or some mundane american investor in Wyoming. This I think will never be to the benefit of the poor farmer in India who is the most easy to cheat as we see from the generations of politicians who have done that.
~Prasanth

December 07, 2006 6:05 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I second the opinions that have been posted here. I dont think giving way to corporate to run agriculture in India is a solution(Again, agriculture is just an example). Given the present situation, farmers are a dying breed(unfortunately quite literally) and because of this aspect, will a present day farmer ever think about making his son a farmer? This is just to save the son from the horrendous experience he has had. Government needs to address this issue, by giving first up teaching them innovations in farming.

December 08, 2006 6:09 AM  
Blogger silverine said...

Great post Brijesh. At last someone speaks for the farmer and offers some solution for their really hopeless plight. Though I cannot present facts and figures and learned arguments like the others, I am really concerned about them and want an end to their misery. No one seems to be bothered about them :(

December 08, 2006 3:36 PM  
Blogger Brijesh said...

Bipin,
About salary hike- farmers doesn’t have a salary as such and I don’t think there income has increased much in recent times.
By corporate I don’t necessarily mean an American style corporate. Those who are willing to invest in agriculture and willing to pay a share of fixed percentage of profit to farmers. Some one like Tata or Reliance is what I have in mind. They have enough resources and if they can club in all the farmers agricultural production could be increased and production cost decreased.

Kerala Farmer
I am in US for the last 6 years. If you see the price of agricultural products what you observe is that it has not increased or decreased in those 6 years (except slight seasonal variation). I don’t think farmers here are in loss. All I know is that most of the farmers own a large amount of land, use the latest technologies and they have a cheap labor (in the form of Mexican workers) at their disposal. They also get some kind of subsidy from government. So we have to change the agricultural system. Otherwise as you told in the near future we won’t have any food to eat as no one will take up agriculture as a profession.

Abhishek,
Microcredit has work wonders in Bangladesh especially among women. Yes, the need of the hour is doing something drastically different so that these farmers don’t suffer more.

This is news these days because Mamta Banerjee in West Bengal is doing a “communist way” to stall a car plant by Tata.

December 08, 2006 4:49 PM  
Blogger Brijesh said...

Thiru,
I was thinking of a setup where all the farmers who hand over the land also have shares. Such a set up will give more power to farmers and give more profitability. I am not well knowledgeable about the subsidy system for farmers in US. I know it is working well but I don’t know the details. A time tested subsidy policy is also good.

Anjana,
If you can buy a coconut for Rs8 from a store, the poor farmer will be only getting may be Rs 4. The middle man will be taking the remaining money. That is why we see poor farmer and rich distributor. Borrowing money beyond their means is a reason but if they have a constant income to depend on then the need of borrowing doesn’t happen, right?

Sachin,
We will become a developed country only when there is development in all sectors not in few service sectors.

December 08, 2006 4:50 PM  
Blogger Brijesh said...

Prashant,
By corporate I meant something very similar to what you mentioned- A company which has resources to invest and should be willing to share profit with farmers. This profit sharing with farmers is only possible if they are part of the company.


Anon @9.02 PM
If government teach farmers the innovations happening in industry who has money to pay and buy all those stuffs? That is why I am advocating someone who has money power to invest in agriculture and have farmers as partners and make profit out of it.

Silverine:
I don’t think there is a quick fix for most of the problems faced by farmers. But I am sure their lot will improve with time.

December 08, 2006 4:50 PM  
Anonymous Rathi said...

The sect of Middlemen should be abandoned from Indian Rural Economic system , for the farmers to get their due. While the prices of all agricultural produce have reached the skies, the only complaint is that the profits are not reaching the actual producer, which is pitiable.And the way to get out of this is Governmental interference i.e. All agricultural produce should be sold by the State and not by the retailers. This is just an Utopian thought.
Rathi

December 10, 2006 5:09 PM  
Blogger കേരളഫാർമർ/keralafarmer said...

ithu 11-12-06 le mathrubhumi dailyyuTe mukhaprasamgaththil ninn~.
രാജ്യത്തെ കാര്‍ഷികമേഖല നേരിടുന്ന പ്രതിസന്ധി ആശങ്കവളര്‍ത്തുന്നതാണെന്ന്‌ പ്രധാനമന്ത്രി മന്‍മോഹന്‍സിങ്‌, ശനിയാഴ്ച ന്യൂഡല്‍ഹിയില്‍ ദേശീയ വികസനസമിതിയോഗം ഉദ്ഘാടനംചെയ്യവേ, സമ്മതിച്ചിരിക്കുന്നു. അത്‌ പരിഹരിക്കാനുള്ള ഊര്‍ജിതനടപടികള്‍ ഉണ്ടാകേണ്ടതും കേന്ദ്രസര്‍ക്കാരില്‍നിന്നുതന്നെയാണ്‌. 1990നുശേഷം ഈ മേഖലയിലെ വളര്‍ച്ചനിരക്ക്‌ രണ്ടുശതമാനത്തില്‍ത്താഴെയായി. ഈ സാഹചര്യത്തില്‍, കാര്‍ഷികമേഖലയുടെ പുനരുദ്ധാരണത്തിന്‌ പതിനൊന്നാം പഞ്ചവത്സരപദ്ധതിയില്‍ മുന്തിയ പരിഗണന നല്‍കുമെന്ന്‌ പ്രധാനമന്ത്രി പറഞ്ഞിട്ടുണ്ട്‌.കാര്‍ഷികമേഖലയ്ക്ക്‌ അതര്‍ഹിക്കുന്ന പ്രഥമപരിഗണന നല്‍കുമെന്ന്‌ യു.പി.എ.സര്‍ക്കാര്‍ അധികാരമേറ്റവേളയിലും പിന്നീടും പ്രധാനമന്ത്രി മന്‍മോഹന്‍സിങ്‌ പറഞ്ഞിരുന്നു. ആ മേഖലയുടെ ക്ഷേമത്തിനെന്നുപറഞ്ഞ്‌ സര്‍ക്കാര്‍ ആവിഷ്കരിച്ച പരിപാടികളില്‍ മിക്കവയും സാമ്പത്തികഉദാരീകരണത്തില്‍ അധിഷ്ഠിതമായവയായിരുന്നു. അക്കാര്യത്തില്‍ മുന്‍ എന്‍.ഡി.എ.സര്‍ക്കാരിന്റെ പാതയില്‍ത്തന്നെ യു.പി.എ.സര്‍ക്കാരും സഞ്ചരിക്കുന്നതാണ്‌ ജനങ്ങള്‍ കണ്ടത്‌. പല സ്ഥലങ്ങളിലും ഇപ്പോഴും കര്‍ഷക ആത്മഹത്യകള്‍ ഉണ്ടാകുന്നതിന്റെ കാരണവും മറ്റൊന്നല്ല.

December 11, 2006 3:27 AM  
Blogger krishnachaitanya said...

Good find yar .. It is 100% true that the life of farmers is degrading day by day .Every week i hear atleast one person commiting suicide in AP .

No one can save them

December 13, 2006 7:19 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Nair,
This is an interesting post.good thought. Since i am also a farmer and still involved in farming i thought of sharing some ground realities in the farming sector. I am particularly interested to share some thought in the perspective of farmer who owns more than 3 acres of land.

The main crisis farming sector facing todaya are 1.increasing fertilizer's price 2. stagnant/lower price for produces 3.shortage of labor.

1. In order to revive the farming sector government has to give lot of subsidies for fertilizers. government should find a way to increase the yield while using less fertilizers. give thrust to organic farming and should really link the agriculture institutes R&D with farmers. Today farmers are unaware of things such as technology and advancement in farming available out there.

2. second thing is government should set up an agency to procure the produces all over india and set up a minimum gaurenteed price for farmers produce. Think this agency as a social security agency for 700 million farmers. Today in tamilnadu govt give rice at 2 per/kg at the expense of farmers since no one buy the produce from farmers as there is no demand. in this situation government should buy the produce from farmers at min fixed price and government should bear the burden of giving rice at 2/kg and not the farmers.

3.Since the availability of easy work/ better pay jobs increased due to improving economy there is acute shortage of labor in the farming sector. In my area farmers have to give Rs 400/ton to harvest sugar-cane while government fixed rate for cane is Rs 1025. How can a farmer who cultivate cane(highly profitable crop by definition) survive with Rs200/ton or Rs10,000/acre that he gets after all the expenses(seed,transporing cane to mills, fertilizers, water, lobor). So government should act swiftly to implement machinaries to increase the farming efficiency and reduce the labor costs. If the corporate farming is the one way to implement it as brijesh said, i would be the first one to welcome it.

Finally, Everyone in government talk about crisis in the farming sector and no one really act on it. It is a really big time to give some serious thought on it and avert the major crisis looming on the faces of hundreds of millions of farmers in India.

December 22, 2006 6:06 PM  
Blogger Brijesh said...

@ Rathi aunty,
Yes the middle man takes the junk of money and poor farmers get only a small percentage of it. Keeping middle man out of agriculture will solve half of the problem.

@Kerala Farmer
Thanks for sharing that piece of information.

December 27, 2006 11:29 PM  
Blogger Brijesh said...

krishnachaitanya
it is responsibility of every one of us to help them.

Anon @11.06 AM
Thanks for your insight. Good to see real farmers visiting the blog and putting comments.

December 27, 2006 11:29 PM  
Blogger Ajitkumar Wagle said...

What you have quoted about the farmers is equally true for workers who have been deprived of their bread and butter due to closure of the Mills in Textile indutries , Small Scale Industries and the ancilliary industries.The economy boom in India, that is being so much talked about nowadays, has not percolated to the botton line but is stagnant at the upper level only

January 07, 2007 7:03 PM  
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